About Jordan

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Is an Arab Muslim country, located in the north of the Arabian Peninsula and in West Asia. Bordered by Syria to the north, Iraq to the east, Saudi Arabia to the south and south-east, and Palestine (the West Bank) to the west. Jordan is named to the Jordan River, which passes on its western border, and Amman is capital.

Official language:

The official language is Arabic, and English is the first foreign language.

Regime:

Regime in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan parliament heritable Royal. Sits Majesty King Abdullah II on the throne of the Kingdom of the top three authorities, also serves as the supreme commander of the armed forces.

Working hours:

Government departments and offices, banks and most of its other offices close on Friday and Saturday of each week. The working hours in the remaining five days (Sunday - Thursday) are from 8.30 am to 3.30 pm.

Official currency:

The country's official currency is the Jordanian Dinar, which is equal to 1000 fils, or 100 piasters. It is available in the form of paper currency of 50 dinars, 20 dinars, ten dinars, five dinars and one dinars. Also available in the form of coins of half a dinar categories and quarter dinars and 100 fils and 50 fils and 25 fils and ten fils and five fils.

5 Best Places to Visit in Jordan

Petra

The undisputed piece de resistance of Jordan is a place totally unlike anywhere else in the country.

Set out between the red-hued desert escarpments in the southern heartlands of the country, it’s thought the site was first inhabited in the 4th century BC. It was the ancestral capital of the thriving Arabian Nabataean civilization, which managed to raise the rock-cut treasuries and temples here to one of the most important trading outposts in the region.

Today, the whole enchanting site is known for its roles in Hollywood blockbusters like Indiana Jones, and comes hidden between a series of winding siq (tunnels created by erosion) passageways that are a real treat to explore.

In short: Petra is not to be missed!

Wadi Rum

 Sun-scorched and glowing deep orange and red under the Arabian sun, the breathtaking reaches of the Wadi Rum of southern Jordan are surely one of the most awesome natural wonders in the region.

Carved from the rocky limestone escarpments that rise and fall dramatically on the eastern fringes of Aqaba, the famous valley is quintessential Jordanian backcountry.

Huge bluffs of rock-ribbed mountains loom on the horizon; mythic petroglyphs from ancient Nabatean peoples hide in the nooks and crannies; camels groan, and climbers swing tenuously from ropes around the hoodoos.

It’s hardly a surprise that this was chosen as the backdrop to one Lawrence of Arabia back in 1962!

Dead Sea

The Dead Sea carves its way through the heartlands of the Middle Eastern Levant.

The lowest and most salty of the world’s ocean water bodies, it’s encircled by rising mountains and ochre-hued sand dunes, all of which reflect majestically upon the surface as the Arabian sun beats down.

Today, the whole area on the Jordanian banks (the western side is over the border in Israel) comes dotted with beaches and resort hotels, while the south of the sea is taken over with interesting mineral evaporation pools, built for the harvesting of carnallite and potassium.

The favorite activity though? Well, that’s surely lazing on the surface of the water, where the high saline density keeps travelers afloat like logs!

Aqaba

Aqaba is Jordan’s gateway to the Red Sea.

It buts up to the out-and-out resort town of Eilat in Israel across the border, and crowns the tip of the salty water with a medley of palm-spotted promenades and yellow sand beaches.

Today, widespread redevelopment projects, and the raising of uber-luxurious resort hotels at Tala Bay just to the south, are converting Aqaba into the perfect seaside escape in the Middle East.

You can tour the ancient ruins of Tall Hujayrat Al-Ghuzlan, see the date trees of the Shatt Al-Ghandour, or do what most do: go underwater on a SCUBA excursion to see the multi-colored reefs that fringe the submarine beds all around.

Mujib Nature Reserve

This vast swathe of north-west Jordan promises some seriously breathtaking backcountry, complete with winding river valleys and dust-caked gorges, steep-sided valleys sculpted over the centuries and oodles of hidden walkways chiseled out of the rocks.

It’s known as the lowest nature reserve on the globe, and slopes down slowly to the saline waters of the Dead Sea.

Today, it’s taken over largely by adventure tourists and outdoors outfitters, who offer everything from intrepid hikes to heart-thumping rock climbing in the canyons to zip-lining through the dry and dusty air.

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